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Intel Unveils 10nm Sunny Cove CPU Architecture With Gen11 Graphics, Major Performance Lift

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Intel Unveils 10nm Sunny Cove CPU Architecture With Gen11 Graphics, Major Performance Lift

Intel Core CPU Roadmap
Intel held its 2018 “Architecture Day” yesterday, where top execs plotted out the company’s direction for architecture and product roadmaps in the near-future and further out on the horizon. The event was held at a home once owned by Robert Noyce. Noyce, known as the "Mayor of Silicon Valley" back in the day, co-founded Intel in 1968 with Gordon Moore. This mansion setting was a perfect backdrop for Intel to underscore its new direction for the analysts and journalists in attendance. Intel has been under intense pressure due to delays of volume ramp of its 10nm process fabricated CPU products, but the company apparently has more than a few tricks up its sleeve to stay ahead of the competition in both the consumer and server markets.

First up is Sunny Cove, which is Intel’s next generation Core CPU platform. Interestingly, this is the first that we’d ever heard of this internal codename, but it is “deeper, wider, and smarter” than its predecessors, and will form the basis of both Xeon (server) and Core (consumer) processors starting in the second half of 2019. Intel says that Sunny Cove will allow for further increases in performance-per-clock (IPC) and will include dedicated registers and new instruction sets to accelerate artificial intelligence (AI), compression processing, and cryptography workloads (via AES and SHA-NI instructions).

Intel Sunny Cove 7Zip Demo
Intel Sunny Cove Compression Instruction Set Architecture Performance Demo

Sunny Cove is based on Intel’s 10nm manufacturing process, which will be a welcome relief from multiple generations of 14nm++ process-built products. Other enhancements that will be of great importance to increasing overall performance will include greater parallelism, further increases to buffer, instruction, and data cache sizes, overall reductions in latency, and better branch prediction accuracy. Allocation units in the architecture have increased from 4 to 5, while execution ports have increased from 8 to 10 (Haswell had previously increased the numbers of ports from 6 to 8). Sunny Cove also can issue 2 loads and 2 stores per clock cycle (versus the previous gen 2 loads and 1 store).

Sunny Cove Deeper Arch
Sunny Cove Wider Arch
Intel Sunny Cove Cache Enhancements

On the memory side of things, linear address space has jumped from 48 bits to 57 bits, while physical address space has been upped to 52 bits. As you might expect, Sunny Cove will feature the hardware-level mitigations for Meltdown and Spectre that have already been implemented in Whiskey Lake and Cascade Lake, but will also include further hardening of the architecture in an effort to prevent future exploits.

Intel Gen11 IGP

Complementing Sunny Cove will be Intel’s next-generation integrated graphics (Gen11), which will begin shipping in 2019. Compared to existing Gen9 graphics, Gen11 increases the number of enhanced execution units from 24 to 64, while pushing compute performance to over 1 TFLOPS. While this performance might still pale in comparison to competing discrete graphics solutions, this is a huge leap in performance for systems that will rely on integrated graphics performance exclusively, from notebooks to desktops. Intel is obviously now keenly focused on better gaming performance and the company has really stepped up its driver game as well, with far more frequent updates, performance enhancements, increased compatibility, and Day 0 support for many of the latest games. 

Intel Gen11 graphics also will include support for tile-based rendering as well as adaptive sync technology that will offer similar tear- and jitter-free gaming experiences to AMD 
FreeSync and NVIDIA G-Sync, which is important, especially when frame rates drop below the connected panel's refresh rates. The good news is, Intel's adaptive sync technology will not require any external hardware or incur and up-charge and will also be compatible with AMD FreesSync monitors.  When you stop to think about it, with the wealth of low cost FreeSync capable panels on the market these days, NVIDIA could be out in the cold with its proprietary G-Sync solution.

Intel Sunny Cove Test Platform
Intel Sunny Cove Validation Platform
Sunny Cove Gen11 Graphics Tekken Gaming
Intel Gen11 Sunny Cove (Left) Vs Gen9 (Right) was significantly faster at 1080p

Interestingly, it was noted that a Gen11 EU (Execution Unit) comprises only about 75% of the silicon area of a Gen9 EU. However, all told, with over 2X the graphics compute resources, Gen11 will deliver significant performance gains. Intel was demonstrating Tekken 7 on Intel Sunny Cove with Gen11 graphics, versus Gen9 Coffee Lake-based machines and it was clear frame rates were dramatically better. Though not specifically confirmed, if you do the math on the EU counts, you can expect at least 2X the performance versus previous Intel IGPs and Intel did note this is in a similar power envelope. 

Intel Gen11 3D Pipeline

Also on board Gen11's more efficient EUs is enhanced mixed precision performance (Int8 and Int16), along with better FPU throughput, for improvements in AI workload processing, as well as further enhancements to Intel's VPU media engine for higher performance and more efficient HEVC video decode and encode in hardware.
Another, perhaps more interesting notable is that Intel's new GPU architecture has more forward-looking capabilities as well, with something Intel is calling "Coarse Pixel Shading." This is a concept you might recall from NVIDIA's GeForce RTX architecture, where the GPU performs various, more efficient adaptive pixel shading techniques, and depending on complexity and workload, will shade areas of a scene that need more detail, while less visible or obscured areas receive less shader processing, thus generally lowering  shader overhead while maintaining visual fidelity.
Intel Raja Koduri
Raja Koduri SVP And GM, Intel Core and Visual Computing Group

Intel Software Strategy
Intel GPU Scalability

And of course, a solid software development and support ecosystem behind all this new silicon is critical. A philosophy that SVP and GM of Intel's Core and Visual Computing Group, Raja Koduri focused on was the mantra of "no transistor left behind." Intel's current OpenVINO SDK is a good example of this strategy, but the slide above articulates the overreaching goal -- a single software suite to support the many different compute architectures now offered by Intel, from CPUs, to GPUs, FGPAs and specialized application accelerators.
Finally, for those of you looking for a glimpse of the future of that mysterious Intel discrete GPU and Intel's high level strategy in the GPU space, the slide above should give you a rather definitive picture of where the company is headed. The scalability messaging of Intel's Xe GPU product initiative is a lofty one to be sure -- "From Teraflops To Petaflops" (in performance), all based on the same GPUarchitecture, from mobile devices to the desktop and data center. Regardless, it appears Intel's 10nm process is back on track, alive and well with its Sunny Cove CPU core architecture. Further, Intel notes Core Series Sunny Cove CPUs will power systems in the second half of 2019. And when you consider the company has its big guns now squarely targeted for major graphics penetration as well, across all compute platforms with the same IP, you might say Chipzilla is intent on throwing down the gauntlet in 2019 and beyond.
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