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Disinformation Wars


Mach1

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The United States and Europe are ill-prepared for the coming wave of "deep fakes" that artificial intelligence could unleash.

An activist protests in front of the European Union headquarters in Brussels, on May 22. (John Thys/AFP/Getty Images)
An activist protests in front of the European Union headquarters in Brussels, on May 22. (John Thys/AFP/Getty Images)

Russian disinformation has become a problem for European governments. In the last two years, Kremlin-backed campaigns have spread false stories alleging that French President Emmanuel Macron was backed by the “gay lobby,” fabricated a story of a Russian-German girl raped by Arab migrants, and spread a litany of conspiracy theories about the Catalan independence referendum, among other efforts.

Europe is finally taking action. In January, Germany’s Network Enforcement Act came into effect. Designed to limit hate speech and fake news online, the law prompted both France and Spain to consider counterdisinformation legislation of their own. More important, in April the European Union unveiled a new strategy for tackling online disinformation. The EU plan focuses on several sensible responses: promoting media literacy, funding a third-party fact-checking service, and pushing Facebook and others to highlight news from credible media outlets, among others. Although the plan itself stops short of regulation, EU officials have not been shy about hinting that regulation may be forthcoming. Indeed, when Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg appeared at an EU hearing this week, lawmakers reminded him of their regulatory power after he appeared to dodge their questions on fake news and extremist content.

The recent European actions are important first steps. Ultimately, none of the laws or strategies that have been unveiled so far will be enough. The problem is that technology advances far more quickly than government policies.

The problem is that technology advances far more quickly than government policies.

The EU’s measures are still designed to target the disinformation of yesterday rather than that of tomorrow.

 

To get ahead of the problem, policymakers in Europe and the United States should focus on the coming wave of disruptive technologies. Fueled by advances in artificial intelligence and decentralized computing, the next generation of disinformation promises to be even more sophisticated and difficult to detect.

To craft effective strategies for the near term, lawmakers should focus on four emerging threats in particular: the democratization of artificial intelligence, the evolution of social networks, the rise of decentralized applications, and the “back end” of disinformation.

Thanks to bigger data, better algorithms, and custom hardware, in the coming years, individuals around the world will increasingly have access to cutting-edge artificial intelligence. From health care to transportation, the democratization of AI holds enormous promise.

Yet as with any dual-use technology, the proliferation of AI also poses significant risks. Among other concerns, it promises to democratize the creation of fake print, audio, and video stories. Although computers have long allowed for the manipulation of digital content, in the past that manipulation has almost always been detectable

Although computers have long allowed for the manipulation of digital content, in the past that manipulation has almost always been detectable

: A fake image would fail to account for subtle shifts in lighting, or a doctored speech would fail to adequately capture cadence and tone. However, deep learning and generative adversarial networks have made it possible to doctor images and video so well that it’s difficult to distinguish manipulated files from authentic ones. And thanks to apps like FakeApp and Lyrebird, these so-called “deep fakes” can now be produced by anyone with a computer or smartphone. Earlier this year, a tool that allowed users to easily swap faces in video produced fake celebrity porn, which went viral on Twitter and Pornhub.

 

Deep fakes and the democratization of disinformation will prove challenging for governments and civil society to counter effectively. Because the algorithms that generate the fakes continuously learn how to more effectively replicate the appearance of reality, deep fakes cannot easily be detected by other algorithms — indeed, in the case of generative adversarial networks, the algorithm works by getting really good at fooling itself. To address the democratization of disinformation, governments, civil society, and the technology sector therefore cannot rely on algorithms alone, but will instead need to invest in new models of social verification, too.

At the same time as artificial technology and other emerging technologies mature, legacy platforms will continue to play an outsized role in the production and dissemination of information online. For instance, consider the current proliferation of disinformation on Google, Facebook, and Twitter.

A growing cottage industry of search engine optimization (SEO) manipulation provides services to clients looking to rise in the Google rankings. And while for the most part, Google is able to stay ahead of attempts to manipulate its algorithms through continuous tweaks, SEO manipulators are also becoming increasingly savvy at gaming the system so that the desired content, including disinformation, appears at the top of search results.

For example, stories from RT and Sputnik — the Russian government’s propaganda outlets — appeared on the first page of Google searches after the March nerve agent attack in the United Kingdom and the April chemical weapons attack in Syria. Similarly, YouTube (which is owned by Google) has an algorithm that prioritizes the amount of time users spend watching content as the key metric for determining which content appears first in search results. This algorithmic preference results in false, extremist, and unreliable information appearing at the top, which in turn means that this content is viewed more often and is perceived as more reliable by users. Revenue for the SEO manipulation industry is estimated to be in the billions of dollars

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Yeah:  "You haven’t seen anything yet, but it will come".    ;)

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24 minutes ago, pc71520 said:

AI=Skynet

So is terminator coming soon?  :lol:

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People thought people were watching them throughTVs too back in the day , Sites just ban stuff they dont want on there services , end of story. What giant platforms do they have in the EU  that the  fake news could be a problem? With there laws  only ones trying to hang in there are the USA giants . Snap chat is based in the UK but there soon to pull out of  the EU. There too busy trying tell the USA what they can post on there sites and what not, because they dont have any sites much . Out of 14 sites the UK ask for to go by there dumb laws  only 3 would even talk them. what it's going to end up being that the EU is going to get blackedout from the rest of the world in the end,  they will need the vpn just to  access the free internet platforms   . They even have a RT USA channel it called freedom of the press. They try to control  free speech just like Hitler did and tell the whole world what they should say and not say even if preventing it breaks our laws .   That will  never fly here we well block them and already are when push comes to shove. I seen bots take over forums as soon as the put a  global  mod in charge they were gone! :P

 

See here

https://s7d1.turboimg.net/sp/48e39743f859f6f33dcdfafcced61a38/RT_USA.png

 

Also there a info wars channel .

 

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17 hours ago, BioHazard said:

So is terminator coming soon?  :lol:

Just around the corner...:tooth:

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Very cool: Guy Verhofstadt cleaned the floor with Zuckerberg :coolwink:

 

 

 

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RT’s total number of views across all language accounts is five times the number of views on the BBC’s news channels and over 2.5 times the number of views on Al Jazeera’s channels. RT is also ahead of CNN and Euronews, with almost double and triple their numbers respectively. 

it seems people like rt sure u may hate but its liked by some

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24 minutes ago, flitox said:

i watch none, they're all liars in the end

yea and you can totally trust as total abslute truth, with no lies, no propaganda no spin, no ulterior motive to influence other countries citizens during votes or denial of aggression and invasions of what the Kremlin or Iran puts out too can't ya...  

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On 27/05/2018 at 2:48 PM, dMog said:

yea and you can totally trust as total abslute truth, with no lies, no propaganda no spin, no ulterior motive to influence other countries citizens during votes or denial of aggression and invasions of what the Kremlin or Iran puts out too can't ya...  

not too sure of what you mean in that sentence but in the end russia or iran are behaving like the USA in the end, trying to protect and expand their influencial zone, which can only be done at the expense of the others.

USA loves to do it, dressing itself as freedom/liberty fighter (which they never really care about, Pinochet was a good guy since he could avoid communism in his country...), right now Russia/Iran are just a little less hypocrite about it

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Hi friends:  By definition a World Superpower must meddle in and be able to exhibit control in the affairs of all countries in this world.  Even neighborhood gangs -- goondas -- fight for the control of the neighborhood.  It's all a matter of the ability or an inability to do.  And as the ability changes, the power changes hands.

 

What's that we are arguing about?  We are all the same -- in goodness and also in badness!

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On 27/05/2018 at 1:48 PM, dMog said:

yea and you can totally trust as total abslute truth, with no lies, no propaganda no spin, no ulterior motive to influence other countries citizens during votes or denial of aggression and invasions of what the Kremlin or Iran puts out too can't ya...  

 u is funny man  i see your posts are more russia russia now y the change ?

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