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  1. One of Android’s key issues is fragmentation. The vast array of available phones means manufacturers have to work extra hard to keep every one up to date and many aren't very keen to do so. With the launch of Android 8.0 Oreo, Google aimed to improve things with the introduction of Project Treble, which brought a modular base for Android and made it much easier for companies to update their devices in a timely manner. In a new blog post, Google detailed the progress on Android adoption rates which shows that Android 9 Pie has the highest adoption rate in its first year and now holds a 22.6% share of the entire Android ecosystem. This was in large due to Google’s efforts with Project Treble and the close collaboration with major manufacturers. Google claims the average time to upgrade between Oreo and Pie was cut down by 3 months and expects upgrades to Android 10 to happen even quicker. Inline with companies like Essential, Xiaomi and OnePlus which have Android 10 on their devices, Google expects more manufacturers to jump on board and offer a stable build of Android 10 before the end of the year. This is a major breakthrough in the Android fragmentation issue and will hopefully carry on with future iterations of the OS. Having popular manufacturers like Samsung who haven't had the best track record with Android update speeds in the past, in particular, is definitely a welcome addition. Source: 1. Google lists manufacturers that will ship Android 10 updates this year (via GSMArena) - main article 2. All About Updates: More Treble (via Android Developers Blog) - reference to the main article
  2. Every Android device comes preloaded with a few different sets of apps, some chosen by the OEM, some by the cell carrier, and usually a set of Google apps. We’ve now learned precisely which apps Google has mandated inclusion on Android 10 and Android Go phones with Google services, which includes some surprising additions. 9to5Google was provided a copy of the latest version of the Google Mobile Services (GMS) agreement that OEMs have to abide by. This document lays out requirements for Android device makers, and it reveals a lot of interesting information about what device makers have to be compliant with. In the document, we found several sections laying out the default apps for Android 10 and Android Go devices. Android 10 Google apps For a new device to be compliant with Google’s rules and provide Google services, OEMs need to include a minimum set of Google apps — or “Core apps” — at first boot. Over the years this list has evolved, and we now have the most recent list of required Google apps for Android 10 devices. Of course, as some of these apps may not be available in all countries, Google allows OEMs to not include them if that is the case. Google Play Store Google Search Chrome Browser Google Drive Gmail Google Duo Maps Google Play Music Google Photos Google Play Movies YouTube Just below the list, in our copy of the document, there’s a note about a change that hasn’t gone into effect yet. Apparently beginning next month, YouTube Music will be a “Core app,” replacing Google Play Music. YouTube previously outlined that change publicly, though there was no date attached in their announcement. Another interesting footnote reveals that, in November of last year, Google Duo replaced Hangouts as a Core app for “non-Telephony” devices, like tablets. The timing of this change actually predates our original report on the shutdown of Google Hangouts ‘classic’ by almost a month. Note on Android Auto Further down in the document, there’s also a special note about Android Auto. According to the documentation, all devices launching on or upgrading to Android 10 — excluding Android Go phones and non-telephony devices like tablets — “MUST preload the Android Auto app as a privileged, headless Core service app in the system image.” By “headless,” they most likely mean that there’s no app icon in the app drawer, normally used to launch the “phone screen” experience for Android Auto, which is slowly being deprecated in favor of Google Assistant Driving Mode. This also lines up with some changes that happened to Android Auto during the Android Q Beta period that led to the app’s icon disappearing from the app drawer for some. Regardless, this means that all Android 10 devices will be able to connect to an Android Auto head unit without needing to first install the Android Auto app. Android Go Google apps Elsewhere in the document, we find a list of the Google applications required to be included on Android Go phones. Below the list, there’s a note that Gallery Go is only a “Core app” as of the beginning of next month. It’s interesting that Files by Google, previously known as “Files Go,” is not considered a “Core app” for Android Go phones. Gboard (lightweight version for Go) Assistant Go Chrome Gallery Go Gmail Go Google Go Maps Go Play Store YouTube Go (or YouTube if allowed in country) Source: These are the new default Google apps for Android 10 and Android Go (via 9to5Google)
  3. For the past year and a half, Google has been pushing a “digital wellbeing” initiative to help us all use our phones in a healthier way. In the latest, and arguably largest, push, Android devices are now required to have a digital wellbeing app of some kind, along with parental controls, according to documents viewed by 9to5Google. According to Google’s latest GMS agreement, the company now requires that all devices that either launch on or upgrade to Android Pie or Android 10 after September 3, 2019 have a digital wellbeing (lowercase) solution. Google offers their own Digital Wellbeing (uppercase) app as one solution for OEMs to use, but they’re also free to create their own solution. 9to5Google was provided a copy of the latest version of the Google Mobile Services (GMS) agreement which lays out requirements for Android device makers who use Google services. XDA first published this information regarding Digital Wellbeing and we’ve been able to verify it in the GMS documents shared with 9to5Google. Should an OEM decide to create their own digital wellbeing app solution, this solution needs to have a decent amount of feature parity with Google’s own “Digital Wellbeing.” For example, the OEM app is required to offer a usage dashboard with at least the following statistics: Total amount of screen ON time Number of device unlocks Count of notifications received Further, those digital wellbeing statistics are required to be able to be broken down specifically for each app and even further on a per-day and per-hour basis. The app even needs to store the historical data going back a minimum of one week. App usage limits are also a requirement from this alternative digital wellbeing Android app, along with the ability to schedule Do Not Disturb mode using Wind Down. In fact, the guidelines specifically call out that the feature “MUST be named Wind Down and MUST support configuring the schedule on a day-by-day basis.” The only main features of the stock Digital Wellbeing app that Google lists as optional for an Android OEM replacement are website timers, screen time goals, and focus mode. Given the stringent requirements for an OEM to create their own digital wellbeing app, it seems far more likely for most Android OEMs to just cave in and add Google’s own Digital Wellbeing. Considering how useful the app is, and the fact Chrome doesn’t currently plan to connect its usage data to third-party wellbeing apps, this is likely for the best. Source: Google now requires all Android devices to have a ‘digital wellbeing’ app (via 9to5Google)
  4. Earlier today, we first reported on Google’s new Game Device Certification program and Digital Wellbeing requirements. We obtained information on both thanks to the latest version of Google’s GMS Requirements for OEMs/ODMs. This document also outlines the deadlines in which OEMs/ODMs can submit software builds to Google to get approval for GMS distribution. Notably, the document confirms that January 31, 2020 is the last date that Google will approve smartphones running Android 9 Pie. After that date, Google will only approve new devices running the latest Android version, Android 10. GMS stands for Google Mobile Services, and it’s a suite of Google apps, services, and libraries that companies must license to preinstall on Android devices. The suite is most notable for containing apps like the Google Play Store and Google Play Services, the lack of which has soured the recent launch of the Huawei Mate 30. In order to be approved to preload GMS, OEMs must submit the software builds for each device they make to Google for approval. The approval process involves meeting the requirements in the Compatibility Definition Document (CDD) and the GMS Requirements document, and also passing automated test suites like the Compatibility Test Suite (CTS), Vendor Test Suite (VTS), and Google Test Suite (GTS). It’s a complex process and there are a lot of requirements to meet, so OEMs apply for GMS approval weeks or months in advance. However, Google wants OEMs to ship newer versions of Android on their devices, so after a while, they stop approving GMS distributions on devices that launch with older Android versions. As you can see in the chart below, Google will stop approving new devices that run Android 9 Pie after January 31, 2020. Android 9 Pie was released to the public on August 6, 2018, so that means OEMs will have had nearly a year and a half to release devices running Android 9. Just because the approval window closes on January 31st doesn’t mean we’ll completely stop seeing Android 9 devices after the date, though, since OEMs can seek approval for their upcoming devices before the approval window closes. However, knowing that January 31, 2020, is the cutoff date for Android 9 means we can expect to see a flood of new devices running Android 10 in the weeks after. For devices that won’t get an official update to Android 10, Google will still approve new software builds based on Android 9 Pie for a few more months. Google will stop approving Android 9 Pie-based software updates after the launch of Android 11, which will likely happen in August of 2020. After the Android 11 launch, Google will no longer approve Android updates except for security patch updates. Interestingly, if Android 11 launches in August as expected, then that means Google is cutting short the software build approval window when compared to how long they used to approve software updates for older Android versions. Another interesting piece of information from this table is the extended approval window for Android 8.1 Oreo (Go Edition). New Android 8.1 Oreo (Go Edition) devices will still be approved until October 31, 2019, 10 months after the approval window closed for the standard Android 8.1 Oreo release. According to Flame Group, a company that specializes in helping OEMs pass Google’s GMS Certification, Google extended Android 8.1 Oreo (Go Edition)’s approval window due to performance regressions found in Android 9 Pie (Go Edition). Android’s overall update situation still isn’t great, but requirements like these have forced OEMs to keep up with new Android releases. We can see what things might be like without such requirements, as Amazon just launched a new tablet today with Android Oreo onboard. Thanks to initiatives like Project Mainline in Android 10, Google is making it easier for system components to get updates, easing the burden of manufacturers to keep up with all the changes in each Android release. Android updates are definitely getting better, and we’re slowly seeing the update situation improve each year. Source: Google will require new Android devices to run Android 10 if approved after January 31, 2020 (via XDA Developers)
  5. Charging has seen massive improvements in smartphones, at least on the Android side of things. Companies are pushing charging solutions that deliver 50W, 65W, and even 100W of power. These fast-charging technologies reduce the need for huge batteries, though I would argue they still don’t excuse companies packing smaller batteries on new smartphones. The biggest problem with all of these competing technologies is that they’re usually proprietary, so they require that you own the manufacturer’s charging cable and brick. There is an open fast-charging standard for devices with USB Type-C ports called USB Power Delivery (USB-PD), but many times devices with proprietary charging technology are incompatible with USB-PD chargers. Google is pushing OEMs to change this. USB Power Delivery can theoretically deliver up to 100W of power, but few smartphone manufacturers fully rely on USB-PD for fast charging and none of them approach 100W of power. The fastest I’ve seen is Samsung’s 45W charger for the Galaxy Note 10 which uses PD 3.0 with Programmable Power Supply, or PPS. I can’t speak for why OEMs other than Google and Samsung aren’t embracing USB-PD, but Google has been working behind-the-scenes for a few years now to make sure that at the very least, devices with proprietary charging solutions aren’t breaking compatibility with standard Type-C chargers. In fact, the Compatibility Definition Document for Android 7.0 Nougat, published in late 2016, contained wording that “strongly recommended” OEMs to “not support proprietary charging methods that…may result in interoperability issues with the chargers or devices that support the standard USB Power Delivery methods.” Although Google wasn’t enforcing any changes at the time, Google warned that “in future Android versions we might REQUIRE all type-C devices to support full interoperability with standard type-C chargers.” Sometime in the past year, Google decided to make this “strong recommendation” into a requirement, at least for devices that ship with Google’s apps and services. We obtained a copy of version 7.0 of GMS Requirements, published September 3rd, 2019. This document outlines the technical requirements that smartphone device makers must meet in order to preload Google Mobile Services (GMS), a suite of Google apps and services including the Play Store and Play Services. Nearly every Android smartphone or tablet sold internationally has met these requirements because having access to Google apps is critical for sales outside of China. Subsection 13.6 is titled “USB Type-C Compatibility” and it contains the following wording: The wording in this statement is a bit ambiguous because “full interoperability” isn’t made clear here. Judging by the phones that have already launched in 2019 like the OnePlus 7 Pro and OnePlus 7T, it’s clear that Google isn’t actually mandating that devices support the higher Power Rules like >27W or >45W via USB-PD support. This is evidenced by the fact that the OnePlus 7 Pro and OnePlus 7T support the “5V3A standard of Power Delivery” when connected to a PD-compatible charger. To better understand how USB-PD works, I recommend reading this excellent article from Android Authority. Source: Google requires new Android devices with Type-C ports to not break USB-PD compatibility (via XDA Developers)
  6. In recent years, we have seen a rise in the popularity of gaming on mobile devices. To keep up with the trend, smartphones accoutered with multiple gigabytes of RAM and high-refresh-rate screens have entered the smartphone realm. Similarly, AAA game publishers and popular games like Fortnite and, most recently, Call of Duty have made their way to mobile devices. Now, according to sources at xda-developers, to keep up to speed with the development of the mobile gaming industry and to simultaneously ensure that the phones are powerful enough to meet the demanding requirements set by today's titles, Google is seemingly working on a Gaming Device Certification program. The information comes from a trusted source at XDA and a private document—Google’s GMS Requirements for OEMs/ODM, which is an agreement between the device designers, manufacturers, and Google, enlisting technical requirements that the smartphone must meet to ship with Google Mobile Services (GMS) on them. As per Version 7.0 of the document, dated September 3, which is the same day Android 10 was launched on Pixel devices, Section 13.14 "Gaming Device Certification" enumerates a list of requirements that the devices seeking the certification must fulfill. In the document, these requirements are outlined "so game developers don’t face unexpected throttling, lost CPU cores, or other odd system behaviors." Unsurprisingly, the devices need to "provide a modern, up-to-date high-performance GPU and display APIs, and enable reasonable frame introspection” and also provide robust RAM management so games are able to "allocate reasonable amounts of memory and should not have their processes killed unexpectedly." While Google has not publicly announced this certification program, the folks at XDA are reasonably certain that the Gaming Device Certification program is in the pipeline. It will be interesting to see when the program is officially announced and which devices make the cut. As always, we will be on the lookout. Source: 1. Google has a Gaming Device Certification program for gaming smartphones in the pipeline (via Neowin) 2. Exclusive: Google is working on a Game Device Certification program for Android gaming smartphones (via XDA Developers)
  7. !!!LOOK OUT!!! If you like MS Windows and MS Office please buy legal and original copy. This tools can be used for evaluation purposes ONLY. I recommend to buy a legal copy of the product. I will not encourage piracy and misuse of it. Some techniques used can make your antivirus alert. [Multi21*] Re-Loader v3.0 Beta 3 * Requirements .NET 4.0. - Install OEMLogos; - Activate Windows XP/Vista/7/8.x/10/Server 2008 (R2)/Server 2012 (R2)/Server 2016 RTM; - Activate Office 2010/2013/2016; * Before post a question, please read the FAQ. OEMLogo Pack 121 [09/03/2015]: Site: http://pastebin.com Sharecode[?]: /raw.php?i=rSP5spZg Re-Loader v3.0 Beta 3 [02/09/2016]: Site: http://www.mirrorcreator.com Sharecode[?]: /files/UEAVYF7T/ NEW VERSION 04/07/2017: *The interface of this program is available at: Italian, English (tnx to azroach), Slovenian (tnx to CraftByte), Persian (tnx to Behdad Boujari), Portuguese (tnx to roonney), Vietnamese (tnx to vanhoivo), Deutsch (tnx to Ripdevil), Albanian (tnx to BL3D1), Arabic (tnx to alnaloty), Russian, (tnx to Phobos) French (tnx to jordan4x), Romanian (tnx to WebMan), Hebrew, Chinese (tnx to zihan), Serbian (tnx to agasoft), Korean (tnx to mireado), Indonesian (tnx to GlgApr), Polish (tnx to Mr. T), Spanish (tnx to -=4lfre1re=-), Dutch (tnx to Plexxor). on Twitter: @Ra1nReLoader: Be good it is for fun. I'm back on Twitter with the account @Ra1nReLoader This is my original account! other accounts are fake! be careful!
  8. WinClon6 Premium Overview: Introduction of WinClon 6 Premium WinClon 6 Premium is a system backup/restoration program which restores a backup status if the computer system or data has been destroyed. If you back up when the computer is stable, you can fast restore the backup status if the computer becomes unstable or unusable due to the virus infection or mistake of the user. Main Use of WinClon 6 Premium Production solution for companies which manufacture PCs, servers, etc. Maintenance solution for schools, Internet cafes, public offices, etc. x64: Site: https://www.solidfiles.com Sharecode: /v/4yRxXqNn6Ajpr
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