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  1. Underwater cables keep the internet online. When they congregate in one place, things get tricky. The Asia-Africa-Europe-1 internet cable travels 15,500 miles along the seafloor, connecting Hong Kong to Marseille, France. As it snakes through the South China Sea and toward Europe, the cable helps provide internet connections to more than a dozen countries, from India to Greece. When the cable was cut on June 7, millions of people were plunged offline and faced temporary internet blackouts. The cable, also known as AAE-1, was severed where it briefly passes across land through Egypt. One other cable was also damaged in the incident, with the cause of the damage unknown. However, the impact was immediate. “It affected about seven countries and a number of over-the-top services,” says Rosalind Thomas, the managing director of SAEx International Management, which plans to create a new undersea cable connecting Africa, Asia, and the US. “The worst was Ethiopia, that lost 90 percent of its connectivity, and Somalia thereafter also 85 percent.” Cloud services belonging to Google, Amazon, and Microsoft were all also disrupted, subsequent analysis revealed. While connectivity was restored in a few hours, the disruption highlights the fragility of the world’s 550-plus subsea internet cables, plus the outsized role Egypt and the nearby Red Sea have in the internet’s infrastructure. The global network of underwater cables forms a large part of the internet’s backbone, carrying the majority of data around the world and eventually linking up to the networks that power cell towers and Wi-Fi connections. Subsea cables connect New York to London and Australia to Los Angeles. Sixteen of these submarine cables—which are often no thicker than a hosepipe and are vulnerable to damage from ships’ anchors and earthquakes—pass 1,200 miles through the Red Sea before they hop over land in Egypt and get to the Mediterranean Sea, connecting Europe to Asia. The last two decades have seen the route emerge as one of the world’s largest internet chokepoints and, arguably, the internet’s most vulnerable place on Earth. (The region, which also includes the Suez Canal, is also a global choke point for shipping and the movement of goods. Chaos ensued when the container ship Ever Given got wedged in the canal in 2021.) “Where there are chokepoints, there are single points of failure,” Nicole Starosielski, an associate professor of media, culture, and communication at New York University and an author on submarine cables. “Because it's a site of intense concentration of global movement, that does make it more vulnerable than many places around the world.” The area has also recently gained attention from the European Parliament, which in a June report highlighted it as a risk for widespread internet disruption. “The most vital bottleneck for the EU concerns the passage between the Indian Ocean and the Mediterranean via the Red Sea because the core connectivity to Asia runs via this route,” the report says, flagging extremism and maritime terrorism are risks in the area. Pyramid Scheme Look at Egypt on a map of the world’s subsea internet cables and it immediately becomes clear why internet experts have been concerned about the area for years. The 16 cables in the area are concentrated through the Red Sea and touch land in Egypt, where they make a 100-mile journey across the country to reach the Mediterranean Sea. (Cable maps don’t show the exact locations of cables.) It has been estimated that around 17 percent of the world’s internet traffic travels along these cables and passes through Egypt. Alan Mauldin, the research director of telecoms market research firm TeleGeography, says last year the region had 178 terabits of capacity, or 178,000,000 Mbps—the US has median home internet speeds of 167 Mbps. Egypt has become one of the internet’s most prominent chokepoints for a few reasons, says Doug Madory, director of internet analysis at monitoring firm Kentik. Primarily, its geography contributes to the concentration of cables in the area. Passing through the Red Sea and across Egypt is the shortest (mostly) underwater route between Asia and Europe. While some intercontinental internet cables travel across land, it is generally safer for them to be placed at the bottom of the sea where it is harder for them to be disrupted or snooped upon. Going through Egypt is one of the only practical routes available. To the south, cables that pass around Africa are longer; while to the north, only one cable (the Polar Express) travels above Russia. “Every time someone tries to draw up an alternative route, you end up going through Syria or Iraq or Iran or Afghanistan—all these places have a lot of issues,” Madory says. The JADI cable system that bypassed Egypt was shut down due to Syria’s civil war, Madory says, and it has not been reactivated. In March this year, another cable avoiding Egypt was severed as a consequence of Russia’s full-scale invasion of Ukraine. Disruption also happens around the Red Sea itself. “The Red Sea is a fairly shallow body of water, and there's been historically a lot of cable cuts there as a result,” Madory says. In 2013, the Egyptian navy arrested three people who were allegedly cutting internet cables in the region. Other nearby cables also faced outages in the same year. The region isn’t the only cable choke point around the world. The UK, Singapore, and France are all key internet connection points, with the Strait of Malacca, near Singapore, being another chokepoint. “The Malacca Strait is also a problem area, but I don't think it's as bad as Egypt,” SAEx’s Thomas says. Mauldin says the Egyptian region can be considered a single point of failure due to the number of cables in one place. However, there are reasons beyond costs to have multiple cables pass through the Red Sea. “There are values in concentration because you want networks to connect to each other,” Mauldin says. “At the same time, you have to balance that with the need to have diversity [in routes].” When the submarine cables appear above land, at the very north of the Red Sea and the Gulf of Suez, Telecom Egypt, the country’s main internet provider, is involved. The company charges cable owners for running cables across the country. The cables travel across land among multiple different routes—and do not go in the Suez Canal—so there is variation in how they are spread out. “It gives Egypt a lot of power in terms of telecommunications negotiations,” Starosielski says. A recent report from Data Center Dynamics, which covers Egypt’s “stranglehold” on the submarine cable industry, cites unnamed industry sources who claim Telecom Egypt charges “extortionate” fees for its services. (Neither Telecom Egypt, Egypt’s Ministry of Communications and Information Technology, nor the National Telecommunications Regulatory Authority replied to WIRED’s request for comment.) Cable Ties Subsea cables are relatively fragile and easily damaged. Every year, there are more than 100 incidents where the cables are cut or damaged. The majority of these are caused by shipping or environmental damage. However, in recent months, there have been growing concerns about sabotage. Following the Nord Stream gas pipeline explosions, governments around the world have pledged to better protect underwater infrastructure and subsea cables. The UK has also claimed Russian submarines have been monitoring cables landing in the country. Despite the dangers, the internet is built on resilience. It isn’t easy to take down large parts of the internet. Companies that send data through subsea internet cables don’t just use one cable and will have space on multiple cables. If one cable fails, traffic is eventually rerouted through others. (In some areas, such as Tonga, where there is only one cable, cuts can have devastating impacts.) The need for redundancy is why Google, Facebook, and Microsoft have been spending hundreds of millions on their own subsea internet cables in recent years. When it comes to Egypt and the Red Sea, there are limited options, and more cables are often the answer. While Elon Musk’s Starlink has popularized satellite internet, this kind of system doesn’t offer a replacement for underwater cables. Satellites are used for providing connectivity in rural locations or as emergency backups, but they can’t replace physical infrastructure entirely. “They aren't going to handle carrying hundreds of terabits between continents. That's only cables,” Mauldin says. (Satellite systems also rely on wired connections to connect to the internet.) That’s all the more reason to further protect routes around Egypt. Mauldin says extra landing sites are being built along Egypt’s shore, such as at Ras Ghareb, to allow cables to dock in different locations. Egyptian telecom authorities are also building a new land-based route for cables alongside the Suez Canal—it is believed cables will be housed in concrete ducts to protect them. However, the biggest effort to bypass Egypt comes from Google. In July 2021, the company announced it is creating the Blue-Raman subsea cable that will connect India to France. The cable travels through the Red Sea, but instead of crossing land in Egypt, it reaches the Mediterranean via Israel. Google did not respond to a request for an interview, but the cable likely comes with its own geopolitical challenges. Google has split the cable into two separate projects: Blue runs through Israel and into Europe, while Raman connects to Saudi Arabia before passing along to India. (Israel and Saudi Arabia have a complex relationship.) Mauldin says the new route, which is expected to be ready in 2024, is likely to set a precedent for more cables to travel through Israel over time. Once one cable is built, others will come. “It's hard to turn a proposal or just a good idea into a reality,” Madory adds. “Unless you're Google and you have limitless funds to do these things.” Elsewhere, Thomas says the proposed SAEx cable, which she overseas, plans to bypass Europe and connect Africa to the Americas and Singapore. Thomas says the route will be an “all wet” network and claims it manages to avoid many of the current risks. “Look at all this piracy, you've got all of your anchors, and you've got high-risk countries and war zones,” Thomas says. “Our cable and Blue Ramen are unlikely to replace Egypt, we only provide alternatives.” Ultimately, Egypt is always going to be at the center of Europe and Asia’s internet connections. Geography can’t be changed. However, Mauldin says, more should be done to protect the world’s underwater internet cables, as everyone relies on them. “It's super important for national security, for the economy, to keep this stuff up and running.” The Most Vulnerable Place on the Internet (May require free registration to view)
  2. This story is adapted from The Modem World: A Prehistory of Social Media, by Kevin Driscoll. For more than two decades, dial-up bulletin board systems, or BBSs, were a primary form of popular networked computing in North America. The creators and maintainers of BBSs, known as system operators or “sysops,” stood at the forefront of computer-mediated communication, carving out a space between nationwide commercial services and subsidized university systems. From the moral economy of shareware to the cooperative networks of HIV/AIDS activists, BBS communities adapted the simple idea of a “computerized bulletin board” to an array of socially valuable purposes. Their experiments with file sharing and community building during the 1980s provided a foundation for the blogs, forums, and social network sites that drove the popularization of the World Wide Web more than a decade later. But today the systems that made up this “modem world” are almost totally absent from the internet’s origin story. Instead of emphasizing the role of popular innovation and amateur invention, the dominant myths in internet history focus on the trajectory of a single military-funded experiment in computer networking: the ARPANET. Though fascinating, the ARPANET story excludes the everyday culture of personal computing and grassroots internetworking. In truth, the histories of ARPANET and BBS networks were interwoven—socially and materially—as ideas, technologies, and people flowed between them. The history of the internet could be a thrilling tale inclusive of many thousands of networks, big and small, urban and rural, commercial and voluntary. Instead, it is repeatedly reduced to the story of the singular ARPANET. The tales that we tell about ARPANET and the Cold War, Silicon Valley, and the early web have become a founding mythology for the internet—narrative resources that we rely on to make sense of our computer-mediated world. Activists, critics, executives, and policy makers routinely call on this mythology to advance arguments on issues related to technology and society. In debates about censorship, national sovereignty, privacy, net neutrality, cybersecurity, copyright, and more, advocates refer to a few oft-repeated tales in search of fundamental truths about how the internet ought to be governed. The stories that people—especially people in power—believe about the internet of the past affect the lives of everyone who depends on the internet in the present. Forgetting has high stakes. As wireless broadband approaches ubiquity in many parts of North America, the stories we tell about the origins of the internet are more important than ever. Faced with crises such as censorship and surveillance, policy makers and technologists call on a mythic past for guidance. In times of uncertainty, the most prominent historical figures—the “forefathers” and the “innovators”—are granted a special authority to make normative claims about the future of telecommunications. As long as the modem world is excluded from the internet’s origin story, the everyday amateur will have no representation in debates over policy and technology, no opportunity to advocate for a different future. The modem world refuses to be a single, stable object of analysis. In life and in memory, it was multiple, different, conflicting networks at the same time. This complexity was written into the architecture of the networks themselves. Before 1996, the modem world was not yet the internet, not yet a single, universal information infrastructure bound together by a shared set of protocols. In the days of USENET and BBSs and Minitel, cyberspace was defined by the interconnection of thousands of small-scale local systems, each with its own idiosyncratic culture and technical design, a dynamic assemblage of overlapping communication systems held together by digital duct tape and a handshake. It looked and felt different depending on where you plugged in your modem. The standard history of the internet jumps from ARPANET to the web, skipping right past the mess of the modem world. A history that consists of mostly ARPANET and the web isn’t incorrect or not valuable. There is much to learn from these networks about informal collaboration, international cooperation, public-private partnerships, and bottom-up technical innovation. But we’ve been telling the same story about ARPANET and the web for 25 years, and it isn’t satisfying anymore. It doesn’t help us understand the social internet we have now: It doesn’t explain the emergence of commercial social media, it can’t solve the problems of platformization, and it won’t help us to imagine what comes after. Today’s social media ecosystem functions more like the modem world of the late 1980s and early 1990s than like the open social web of the early 21st century. It is an archipelago of proprietary platforms, imperfectly connected at their borders. Any gateways that do exist are subject to change at a moment’s notice. Worse, users have little recourse, the platforms shirk accountability, and states are hesitant to intervene. Before the widespread adoption of internet email, people complained about having to print up business cards with half a dozen different addresses: inscrutable sequences of letters, numbers, and symbols representing them on CompuServe, GEnie, AOL, Delphi, MCI Mail, and so on. Today, we find ourselves in the same situation. From nail salons to cereal boxes, the visual environment is littered with the logos of incompatible social media brands. Facebook, Google, Twitter, and Instagram are the new walled gardens, throwbacks to the late 1980s. In recent years, it has become commonplace to blame social media for all our problems. There are good reasons for this. After decades of techno-optimism, a reckoning came due. But I am troubled by how often people—not platforms—are the object of this criticism. We’re told that social media is making us vapid, stupid, intolerant, and depressed, that we should be ashamed to take pleasure from social media, that we are “hardwired” to act against our own best interest. Our basic desire to connect is pathologized, as if we should take the blame for our own subjugation. I call shenanigans. People aren’t the problem. The problem is the platforms. By looking at the history of the modem world, we can begin to extricate the technologies of sociality from what we’ve come to call “social media.” Underlying many of the problems we associate with social media are failures of creativity and care. Ironically, for an industry that prides itself on innovation, platform providers have failed to develop business models and operational structures that can sustain healthy human communities. Silicon Valley did not invent “social media.” Everyday people made the internet social. Time and again, users adapted networked computers for communication between people. In the 1970s, the ARPANET enabled remote access to expensive computers, but users made email its killer app. In the 1980s, The Source and CompuServe offered troves of news and financial data, but users spent all their time talking to one another on forums and in chat rooms. And in the 1990s, the web was designed for publishing documents, but users created conversational guest books and message boards. The desire to connect with one another is fundamental. We should not apologize for the pleasures of being online together. Commercial social media platforms are of a more recent origin. Major services like Facebook formed around 2005, more than a quarter-century after the first BBSs came online. Their business was the enclosure of the social web, the extraction of personal data, and the promise of personalized advertising. Through clever interface design and the strategic application of venture capital, platform providers succeeded in expanding access to the online world. Today, more people can get online and find one another than was ever possible in the days of AOL or FidoNet. Yet commercial social media failed to produce equitable, sustainable business models. Despite massive user populations, remarkable engineering, and pervasive cultural influence, all major social media platforms depend on a revenue stream that has not changed for two decades: the exploitation of personal data for the purposes of advertising. This was true when Google launched Adwords in the year 2000. It was true when Google acquired YouTube in 2006. It was true when Facebook and Twitter went public in 2012. And it was still true in 2021. Despite the “moonshots” and “big bets,” these firms draw an overwhelming proportion of their revenue from the mundane business of placing ads on screens. The modem world shows us that other business models are possible. BBS sysops loved to boast about “paying their own bills.” For some, the BBS was an expensive hobby, a money pit not unlike a vintage car. But many sysops sought to make their BBSs self-sustaining. Absent angel investors or government contracts, BBSs became sites of commercial experimentation. Many charged a fee for access—experimenting with tiered rates and per-minute or per-byte payment schemes. There were also BBSs organized like a social club. Members paid “dues” to keep the hard drive spinning. Others formed nonprofit corporations, soliciting tax-exempt donations from their users. Even on the hobby boards, sysops sometimes passed the virtual hat, asking everybody for a few bucks to buy a new modem or knock out a big telephone bill. The other key, and closely related, failure of the social media industry is in its disregard for the needs of the communities that rely on it. In public debate, commercial social media providers like Facebook portray themselves as “tech” firms rather than “media” publishers, merely “neutral platforms.” This allows them to disclaim liability for the things that people do on their platform and entitles them to regulate user behavior through capricious “Terms of Service” agreements. Users who rely on these platforms for social support and economic opportunity click through the inscrutable terms without reading them. When harmed, they are left with no recourse, no avenues for redress, and no practical pathways to exit. Of course, the platforms want it both ways. At the same time that they deny responsibility for their users, they promote themselves as places for people to gather and share the intimate details of their lives. These are undemocratic, private spaces masquerading as a public square. The modem world, again, offers different models. The stewardship of an online community takes work. The literature of the modem world is replete with textfiles, magazine articles, and how-to books about cultivating communities, moderating discussions, handling troublesome users, and avoiding burnout. The role of the bulletin board system operator required a unique mix of technical acumen and care for the community. Former BBS sysops recall late nights spent answering email, verifying new users, tweaking software settings, cleaning up messy files, and trying to quell flame wars. This work is still being done on platforms like Facebook and Reddit. But unlike the sysops who enabled the flourishing of early online communities, the volunteer moderators on today’s platforms do not own the infrastructures they oversee. They do not share in the profits generated by their labor. They cannot alter the underlying software or implement new technical interventions or social reforms. Instead of growing in social status, the sysop seems to have been curtailed by the providers of platforms. If there is a future after Facebook, it will be led by a revival of the sysop, a reclamation of the social and economic value of community maintenance and moderation. Platforms didn’t invent the social use of computer networks. Amateurs, activists, educators, students, and small business owners did. Silicon Valley turned their practices into a product, pumped it full of speculative capital, scaled it, and so far refuse to treat the lives we live through it with care. The stories we tell about the early internet must disentangle the grassroots origin of social media from its capture and commodification. I do not expect that new models for online sociality will look exactly like the BBSs did in the 1980s, but the history of the modem world centers on the interests of everyday people, a reorganization of narrative resources from which to envision alternative futures. The extraordinary history of the modem world allows us to imagine an internet beyond the platforms. But turning to the past for help with the present is risky. Misogyny, homophobia, and white supremacy were problems on networks of the 1980s, just as they are today. To appreciate the moments of brilliance and possibility, we must also see the complex—often ugly—circumstances within which they unfolded. Historian Joy Lisi Rankin urges us to “overwrite” the narrow mythology of Silicon Valley exceptionalism with an account of the many different worlds of computing that have existed since the 1960s. And indeed, there is an abundance of history that remains unwritten. From the late 1970s to the mid-1990s, millions of people living and working in cities and towns throughout the continent collectively transformed the personal computer into a medium for social communication. They were the first to voluntarily spend hours in front of a computer, typing messages to strangers. Their experiments in community building and information sharing provided a foundation for the practices that now compel us to our computers and smartphones each day: love, learning, commerce, community, and faith. In the words of one former sysop, the BBS was the original cyberspace. The stories from this era remind us that many different internets have already existed. An internet after social media is still possible; the internet of today can still become something better, more just, equitable, and inclusive—a future worth fighting for. The Internet Origin Story You Know Is Wrong (May require free registration to view)
  3. Your smart home's fragile existence relies on a factor you can't control… the internet Without it, it's useless A less than useful smart display with no internet connection (Image credit: TechRadar) "Our door camera is offline… not sure why?" That's the message I received from my partner one afternoon. It was a Wednesday, I was at work, and so was she. Our smart home... was dead. For all the positive reviews, in-your-face marketing, consumer hype, and billions of dollars driven into its R&D, the smart home has a major Achilles heel that's completely out of your control. The internet. Until your internet connection fails, you don't realize just how crucial it is. If you think about it, it's obvious, but the point of a smart home is you don't have to think about it: it's there, in the background, quietly taking care of things and letting you get on with your life. All the useful little features – the various 'life hacks' companies are so desperate for you to lap up as they roll out yet another feature, update or brand new device – are all rendered useless. I was the first home that day, but not until late in the evening. By then my internet provider's call centers were long closed, and any hope of an instant resolution was lost. From smart to simple It's only when the internet connection to my house failed, I realized just how many devices relied on it. My smart speakers around the house would bark at me that they were struggling to connect to a network if I dared utter "okay Google", and the Google Home Hub smart display in the bedroom displayed a message saying it couldn't connect – no nice wallpaper pictures, no date or time, even though it had power. Just the error message. With no voice assistants on the smart speakers or display, I wasn’t able to ask for the Philips Hue lights to be switched on, the temperature to be increased via the Nest Thermostat E, or my robot vacuum to give the floor a quick sweep. It wasn’t just voice commands. With no Wi-Fi at home, the apps on my smartphone were also redundant. I wasn’t without lights, heating or a functioning vacuum, of course. All were manually available – a flick of a switch, the turn of a dial and the press of a button allowed for basic functionality – but any advanced features were unavailable. Without the internet, functionality of my smart TV and games console was also reduced. Access to TV apps such as Netflix and Prime Video were out of the question, as was online gaming. The phone apps for my smart home devices were rendered useless (Image credit: TechRadar) And then there was the device which originally alerted us to the issue – the Nest Hello doorbell. We received an email that it had gone offline, which led to an investigation on my smartphone and the realization that our home had lost its internet connection, rather than the Hello developing a fault. While the loss of the doorbell feature allowing us to make sure our Amazon package was delivered safely to a neighbor was slightly frustrating, it was the loss of the security monitoring that was of a greater concern. The Hello is able to record a few seconds of footage any time movement or sound is detected, and alerts you via a smartphone notification. Without an internet connection though, the camera is unable to record any footage, as it’s stored directly in the cloud, rather than locally on the device. Thankfully, we didn’t have any issues during the downtime, but it does make you re-evaluate just how much trust you can have in these products, as many smart home security cameras operate in a similar way. The smarts return, with a possible solution In all, our internet was out for just over 20 hours: in the grand scheme of things not a huge problem, in isolation. However, it wasn’t just our property. Our internet provider had issues with its broadband across the region, which meant we won’t have been the only smart home to go offline. For just less than a day, it was nothing more than a mild inconvenience, but in a situation where your internet connection possibly breaks for multiple days, and as smart devices become more ingrained into the working of our homes, the issues here are real. They need addressing if the technology can be trusted to effectively control key areas of our life. If you can't rely on your smart home, integrating more complex devices and tasks into it will be a difficult sell. Perhaps the introduction of 5G could provide assistance, with the traditional cabled internet line into your home working in tandem with a 5G connection. If one goes down, the other seamlessly takes over. In the UK, mobile carrier EE announced a router which offered this back in May 2018 (although it was 4G and not 5G), but mobile networks are still not widely available enough, nor support this level or usage for this product to be viable for the mass population. As the 5G network roll out continues, bringing next-gen coverage and speeds to more areas, this dual-connection router becomes a far more viable option, and it may just solve the problem for our smart homes. Source: Your smart home's fragile existence relies on a factor you can't control… the internet (TechRadar)
  4. RuNet disconnection tests were successful, according to the Russian government. The Russian government announced on Monday that it concluded a series of tests during which it successfully disconnected the country from the worldwide internet. The tests were carried out over multiple days, starting last week, and involved Russian government agencies, local internet service providers, and local Russian internet companies. The goal was to test if the country's national internet infrastructure -- known inside Russia as RuNet -- could function without access to the global DNS system and the external internet. Internet traffic was re-routed internally, effectively making Russia's RuNet the world's largest intranet. The government did not reveal any technical details about the tests and what exactly they consisted of. It only said that the government tested several disconnection scenarios, including a scenario that simulated a hostile cyber-attack from a foreign country. The experiment was deemed a success, the government said in a press conference today. "It turned out that, in general, that both authorities and telecom operators are ready to effectively respond to possible risks and threats and ensure the functioning of the Internet and the unified telecommunication network in Russia," said Alexei Sokolov, deputy head of the Ministry of Digital Development, Communications and Mass Media, as cited by multiple Russian news agencies [1, 2, 3, 4]. Sokolov said the results of the tests would be presented to President Putin next year. Long-planned tests The successful tests are a culmination of multiple years of planning, law-making from the Russian government, and physical modifications to Russia's local internet infrastructure. The tests were initially scheduled for April this year but were delayed until this fall, to give the Kremlin more time to pass an accompanying law. Called the "internet sovereignty" law, it grants the Russian government the power to disconnect the country from the rest of the internet at will and with little explanation, on the grounds of "national security." To do this, the law mandates that all local internet service providers re-route all internet traffic through strategic chokepoints under the management of Russia's Communications Ministry. These chokepoints can serve as a gigantic flip-switch for Russia's external internet connectivity, but they can also function as an internet surveillance apparatus, similar to China's Great Firewall technology, as many privacy advocates have pointed out. Source
  5. Giveaway Extended for Bitdefender Internet Security 2015 The giveaway ends in 7 hrs.! UPDATE: The giveaway is over As you may or may not know, Softpedia and Bitdefender have put together a giveaway promo over this past weekend for the new av tool, Bitdefender Internet Security 2015. However, the developer's website had some server issues last night that prevented users from claiming their free key for the application. Therefore, Bitdefender has decided to provide extra time for those unlucky ones who haven't got a chance to obtain a license. In other words, there are a few more hours added to the timer, more specifically until today, Monday 21 at 16:00 UTC (9:00 a.m. PDT/PST). Giveaway page
  6. If you want to use the internet and you don’t want the National Security Agency to see what you’re doing, you basically only need one tool: Tor, a network that anonymizes web traffic by bouncing it between servers. The NSA has been working on ways to get around "the Tor problem" for years without much success. "It should hardly be surprising that our intelligence agencies seek ways to counteract targets’ use of technologies to hide their communications," the agency toldBusinessWeek. The original funding for this thorn in the NSA’s side actually came from the US Department of Defense; the Naval Research Laboratory originally funded the project to protect Navy employees abroad. The NSA says Tor is now used by "terrorists, cybercriminals, [and] human traffickers," so you’d think the Pentagon might consider that investment a mistake. Not so. The military has been working on a new generation of even bigger and better anonymity tools to supplement and replace Tor. The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency or DARPA, the Pentagon’s high-tech research lab, started working on anonymity roughly four years ago through the Safer Warfighter Communications program, a collection of tools designed to thwart blacklisting, redirection, and content filtering. The program covers several anonymity projects, including cutting-edge encryption and a project called Service-Oriented Netcoded Architecture for Tactical Anonymity (SONATA). Details on SONATA are thin, but a researcher familiar with the work referred to it as a next-generation competitor to Tor. DARPA is also investing in Curveball, a "decoy routing" system developed by Raytheon BBN Technologies, that lets you pretend you’re surfing an unblocked website when you’re actually connecting to Facebook, the Pentagon, or some other sensitive site. Curveball uses a nifty trick that requires some cooperation from friendly internet providers. Those providers would install Curveball routers throughout their networks. Users with the Curveball client would then surf around randomly until they find a Curveball router. The router confirms with the client, then tunnels any subsequent traffic through the Curveball connection disguised as innocuous traffic. As the surfer moves around on Facebook, the Curveball connection pretends he or she is moving around on an unblocked site, say, Amazon. The fact that Curveball is embedded within a regular network makes it impractical for a government to block it without blocking lots of useful sites, impairing commerce or irritating citizens. Unlike Tor, Curveball doesn’t protect the user’s identity. However, it could be used to secretly get to Tor in countries where access to the network is restricted. So why is one branch of the military building tools that will one day be used to thwart another branch? Dan Kaufman, director of DARPA’s Innovation Information Office, which covers the Safer Warfighter Communications program, says there isn’t any tension caused by DARPA working on tools that could one day be used to dodge the NSA. "[The program] started with a conversation I had with Special Forces," Kaufman says. "While obviously there may be multiple uses… we built it for Special Forces. People are welcome to take the technology and do stuff, but that’s not why we built it." Government surveillance and censorship is growing around the world. Countries like China, North Korea, and Iran exert obsessive control over what people can do online, while laws are getting stricter in places like Turkey and Kazakhstan. Internet censorship was one of the Thai military’s first moves after taking over their country’s government in May. US military forces don’t always carry their own communications gear. They often use chat rooms or whatever is publicly available even when stationed in hostile, internet-freedom-hating countries. "You’re in a place where you need to be able to communicate back," Kaufman says. "And you need to make sure that that regime is not blocking you, and you need to make sure that you stay anonymous because you’re undercover." The Defense Department says it has to invest in technology even if that technology could one day be used against it. "The best way to ensure national security in a fast-changing world is to maintain our technological superiority in critical technology areas," a spokesperson for the Defense Department tells The Verge in a statement. "The department is continuously working to develop important scientific and technological domains and will not limit our research strictly out of concern that the results might someday fall into our adversaries' hands." The department also takes "the appropriate steps" to ensure technology does not enable the US’s enemies, the spokesperson says. Enabling anonymous communications may bolster national security in other ways. Tor no longer receives support from the Pentagon, but it’s now funded in part by the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor or DRL, a division of the State Department that supports freedom of information around the world. DRL explicitly supports "anti-censorship and secure communications technology" with the hope of spreading Western democratic values. Tor is also used by journalists, activists, and whistleblowers. Many believe US national security will benefit overall from the free flow of media, especially in countries that censor the news and circulate anti-American propaganda. Still, we may see a leaked NSA presentation in a few years: "the SONATA problem." Source
  7. A team of Dutch scientists has reportedly managed to 'teleport' information between two computers. The news came through a publication in a popular science journal, where they claimed to exchange data between two computers despite a lack of any connection. The technology used during this breakthrough has led Professor Ronald Hanson to claim that it would be possible to teleport ourselves with distance in the future. What we are teleporting is the state of a particle. If you believe we are nothing more than a collection of atoms strung together in a particular way, then in principle it should be possible to teleport ourselves from one place to another. As for the present, Professor Hanson and his team has provided a key step towards building quantum networks, and ultimately the quantum internet. The teleportation medium known as 'quantum entanglement' is completely hackproof, it's impossible to intercept the information relayed. The group of scientists achieved the data teleportation over a distance of three meters, they look to testing a distance of 1,300 meters this summer. Optical elements to guide single photons to each diamond The information transferred during the experiment is stored on diamond quantum bits. These are significantly more complex than the standard 'bit' that we see in our devices today. The diamond bits can store multiple values at once, contrasting to our limited '0 and 1' signaling scheme. What you're doing is using entanglement as your communication channel. The information is teleported to the other side, and there's no way anyone can intercept that information. In addition to this breakthrough, the team has gone directly against Einstein's belief that 'quantum entanglement' does not exist. Previously cast as "spooky actions" from the man himself, the team need to further prove that the entanglement process works with distance. Creating a hackproof internet is both exciting and daunting in its own right. If the breakthrough's continue coming our way, we could see data exchanges previously unheard of. The potential for an increase in crime rate is also huge. But don't go packing your bags for rural Alaska quite yet, it's still in early stages and there's no sign of any fully functioning network at this stage. Source
  8. After years of pressure from ISPs, net neutrality is under threat by the FCC itself. Chair Tom Wheeler promised to revive the Open Internet Order after it saw an unceremonious defeat in January, but a leaked version of his latest proposal would let companies pay ISPs for a "fast lane" to subscribers, undermining the spirit of the original rules, which barred companies from discriminating between services. Despite Wheeler’s reassurances, this new proposal is the exact opposite of net neutrality. It could undermine both the companies of today and the startups of tomorrow. It might also be exactly the push activists need to fight back. The new rules aren’t entirely the FCC’s fault. The January court ruling in a lawsuit by Verizon gave it limited power to regulate broadband providers under existing law, and there’s only so much it can do as long as they’re classified as "information services" rather than common carriers like traditional phone companies. There’s nothing explicitly stopping it, however, from reclassifying these services, which is exactly what net neutrality supporters have been urging it to do for years. The problem is that putting ISPs under the more restrictive common carrier designation would light a political powder keg, pitting proponents of a truly open internet against business advocates who say common carrier regulations would strangle ISPs’ ability to innovate. For the past few months, Wheeler has played it safe, promising a framework that seemed fragile but ultimately inoffensive. The new proposal, though, threatens to codify critics’ worst fears, and it’s spurred many of them into action. In a letter, Senator Al Franken (D-MN) warned that it "would not preserve the Open Internet — it would destroy it." His language is reminiscent of the response to another "internet-destroying" policy: SOPA, the anti-piracy bill that mobilized perhaps the most effective online protest of all time. Like SOPA, these proposed Open Internet rules tackle an issue that’s near to the hearts of both internet denizens and tech companies. And as the FCC plans to officially consider the rules on May 15th, they’re figuring out how to mobilize the same kind of opposition. Though the company hasn’t confirmed anything on the record, sources say that outspoken net neutrality proponent Netflix has privately brought concerns to the FCC, and that it, Google, and other major players are quietly planning an accompanying publicity blitz. Other groups have been more open. Mozilla, a prominent participant in the 2012 anti-SOPA blackout, has filed a petition with the FCC, asking it to regulate parts of internet service providers’ business under common carrier laws. Mozilla senior policy engineer Chris Riley sees the FCC’s current proposal as the worst of both worlds: by allowing "commercially reasonable" discrimination, it’s allowing ISPs to undermine net neutrality, and by requiring a baseline level of service, it could be stretching beyond the limited authority courts have given it. "I’m really worried that what the FCC would do now is both lose in court and fail to protect net neutrality," he says. If it fails, net neutrality supporters predict dire consequences. "I don't think that Reddit as we know it, and especially the next Reddit, the next small company, will be able to develop and thrive" under the new Open Internet rules, says Reddit general manager Erik Martin. "It's going to basically ensure that the next Facebook, the next Google, the next Reddit is going to be overseas." Reddit, currently one of the 25 most popular sites in the US, also joined the SOPA blackout, and it’s planning a site-wide online protest on May 15th. Nothing is locked down, but he hopes some of the politicians who have spoken out against the proposal will make appearances on Reddit — a statement by Senator Bernie Sanders (I-VT) made it to the top of the site last week. So far, Redditors have proposed tactics like a satirical throttle on popular image hosting site Imgur, letting visitors see ISP promotions for free but charging anywhere from $9 to $110 for cat pictures, animated gifs, and nudes. Wheeler’s proposed rules wouldn’t let companies outright block services, but the symbolism is clear. "I think the basic idea of giving people a glimpse of what it might look like should this come to pass is compelling," says Martin. "We've all grown up with an internet that is completely neutral and flat, and confronting people with what it might look like if the FCC proposal goes through and we end up losing net neutrality makes a lot of sense." Reddit co-founder Alexis Ohanian is also trying to recapture the spark. He’s currently running a crowdfunding campaign to erect a billboard as close to the FCC offices as possible, similar to the "Don’t mess with the internet" billboard he put in SOPA author Lamar Smith’s (R-TX) home district in 2012 (the current proposal has raised around $15,000 of its $20,000 goal). This time around, he’s also urged people to contact Congress and the FCC, linking to advocacy group Free Press’ "Save the Internet" campaign, which will hold a protest in Washington on May 15th. "We can’t get it wrong, everyone. The internet is too valuable and too important," says Ohanian in a video. "So please, help me, one more time, save the internet." Ohanian’s rhetoric is diminished slightly by the fact that virtually every internet-related issue of the last two years has been "the next SOPA" — the CISPA cybersecurity bill, the Trans-Pacific Partnership, even the thorny, extremely complicated NSA surveillance situation. Like all these, net neutrality is more complicated than the straightforward SOPA copyright bill. "[sOPA] was just bad in the sense that it was horribly written, it wasn't internally coherent, it was technically wrong on several points, and it was clearly written by the powerful content companies," says Martin. But net neutrality is "complicated and perhaps even a little boring," he admits. "I think once you understand the implications [of the proposal] and that it's going to change the internet as we know it, and once you realize how fragile our ecosystem really is, then it becomes extremely alarming and extremely important. But that takes a little work, to get that across." And if the protest is to some extent getting the old gang back together, one very important member looks to be sitting things out. The Wikimedia Foundation was arguably the biggest player in the SOPA blackout, cutting off access to its massive US site to demonstrate the bill’s perils. But a spokesperson says that the foundation hasn’t seen high enough levels of community support to justify a public protest against Wheeler’s proposal, though it may file an FCC comment in the future. "We've been talking to folks, and we certainly have people who are interested, but we haven't really seen a response similar to SOPA / PIPA," she says. Unlike something like NSA surveillance, though, the net neutrality proposal has yet to go into effect. The FCC has already attempted damage control, threatening to reclassify carriers if they take advantage of the system. There are also few issues more dear to the internet community. When Google, a long-time net neutrality supporter, appeared to compromise its position in a joint statement with Verizon, protesters gathered outside its office; more recently, in the wake of Netflix’s direct connection deals with Comcast and Verizon, debate has broken out over whether the policy should be expanded to cover the internet backbone itself. But it’s hard to even explain the deal itself, let alone its implications. Likewise, when the Open Internet Order was struck down this spring, the FCC and cable companies’ reassurances made it hard to point to specific harm. Opponents have called net neutralitya "solution in search of a problem," pointing to the generally good behavior of ISPs. After the court’s ruling, ISPs promised that they would continue to support an "open internet" — Verizon, whose lawsuit was directly responsible for killing the Open Internet Order, said that the decision would "not change consumers' ability to access and use the internet as they do now." Wheeler’s proposal, by contrast, visibly guts the order — it practically maps out the bleak "pay for play" future we could expect without regulation. If it passes, there’s no going back. Many net neutrality advocates, including Martin, hope protesters can pressure the FCC into reclassifying ISPs as common carriers. After seeing the alternative, it’s possible the public will rally around them, coming down hard on the FCC and Congress itself, which has the power to pass new net neutrality provisions or otherwise signal support for reclassification. But Martin would settle for just killing this plan — it’s "certainly not as positive as actually getting reclassification," he says, "but it's much better than the proposal going through." Mozilla’s plan is more like a kind of regulatory judo. Its petition would leave services provided by an ISP to a user outside net neutrality rules, but it would require it to act as a common carrier for any "remote" services like Dropbox or Netflix — a statement says that would cover "all of our internet activity." If ISPs have opposed reclassification in general, they’ll probably fight just as hard against a proposal that just applies to most of its business. But Mozilla’s plan reflects the gap between the internet that the FCC regulated in 2002, just starting to transition out of the era of AOL web portals, and the one that exists today. "We have a new service here. A new service created by the ISPs, by net network technology," says Riley. "So what is that service?" To ISPs, their service is still that of a gatekeeper, directing traffic through a network. To net neutrality supporters, it’s a utility, like a water pipe or telephone line. And on May 15th, both sides will see the line that they’ll be fighting over in the coming months. Source
  9. Advanced Download Manager 10.0.12 Build 100012 [Pro] [Mod] Powerful Downloader for Android: - downloading from internet up to three files simultaneously; - accelerated downloading by using multithreading (9 parts) - interception of links from android browsers and clipboard; - download files in background and resume after failure; - loader for images, documents, archives and programs; - downloading to SD-card for Lollipop and Marshmallow; - smart algorithm for increased speed of downloading; - downloading only through the internet on Wi-Fi; - boost downloader for 2G, 3G and 4G networks; - changing the maximum speed in real time; - video downloader and music downloader; - resuming of interrupted downloads; - support files larger than 2 gigabyte; - parallel download files in queue. Advanced Settings: - interface customization and themes; - select the folder for downloaded files; - different automatic actions after finishing; - save different file types in different folders; - create an empty file to accelerate downloading; - autostop process if the battery charge level is low; - import list of links from a text file on SD-card; - autoresume after errors and break of connection; - planning start of downloading at right time; - turbo mode for speed up downloading; - getting size of file and beautiful name; - backup list of downloads and settings; - profiles for each type of connection; - automatic operation on schedule; - support quick autoadd download. Clean Interface: - light material design; - filter by types and status; - left menu with quick options; - context menu for easy management; - sorting downloads by order, size and name; - open completed files through favorite apps; - information about downloading: speed, size, time; - support pause, resume, restart for downloads; - creation of advanced profiles for sites; - fine-tuning for each download; - widget on home screen. Extended Notifications: - icon with progress and speed in notification panel; - transparent progress-bar on top of all windows; - completion notification by sound and vibration. Built-in ADM Browser: - support of multiple tabs; - advanced media downloader; - list of history and bookmarks; - easy sending file to downloader; - download mp3 from popular archives; - interception of mp4 video from tubes; - easy downloader for all types of files; - download accelerator for social networking; - option "User-Agent" for forgery the browser. Simple control for downloads: - press on the download to start/stop the process; - press on the completed download to open the file; - long press on download to display the context menu. Add URL links in ADM: - press on link and from window "Complete action using" select ADM Editor; - long press on a link to display the context menu, press "Share" or "Send" and from window "Share via" select ADM Editor; - copy link, after program intercept it from clipboard and send in ADM Editor, or use "Add" button and paste the link. ADM is the best android download manager for you! Homepage Download Changelog: Torrent support. I will gladly accept all your suggestions to my email! Sorry for the frequent updates. Fixing a bug causing the app to freeze. Site: https://www.upload.ee Sharecode: /files/12256905/ADM_10.0.12_build_100012_armeabi-v7a_arm64-v8a_x86_x86_64.apk.html
  10. Brewee - breweries navigator & craft beer locator v4.7.1 (Free App / No Ads) Do you love beer? Have you wondered, “what are the best craft breweries near me”? You need Brewee – the ultimate nearby craft breweries navigator! Take advantage of the fact that microbreweries grow like crazy and don’t miss the best-tasting beer near you. Brewee will help you taste a crafted beer all around the world. We have the largest database of breweries and a community of beer enthusiasts who share their experiences with others. Brewee allows you to explore and discover craft breweries in your area and across the country. THE NEED FOR BREWEE Searching for the best beer bars and best beer places often end with irrelevant searches leaving you frustrated. Brewee tackles that by giving you relevant recommendations. Brewee is your tailored and advanced beer nearby navigator gives you the most relevant answers to questions like “best breweries around me,” “best breweries nearby,” “best craft beer near me” and similar searches. Now how one app where beer is glorified! An app where you will find an endless source of best breweries around the globe (currently the largest database is in the US) Favorite and plan your visits in other cities too – there are some breweries that are a must-visit! WHY YOU’LL LOVE BREWEE Tap into an extensive database and join thousands of beer lovers who are visiting and rating local breweries. Breweries navigator The easiest way to find breweries near you. The relevant search feature allows you to find the best beer local places on a map. Real visitor reviews Hundreds of thousands of reviews from real users. Finally, you can choose craft breweries based on real beer ratings. Relevant information included Go to the brewery's website to find more information. Call directly using the phone on the listing and get directions. Great cooperation with breweries We help breweries to be able to understand beer drinkers better. The next time you are up for a cold beer in a place you haven’t been.. Brewee is here to help. Now it’s time for a tasty cold beer. Download this excellent beer community and beer places locator for free! Homepage Changelog: Minor improvements Use a temporary email address to create an account. Download
  11. Ponydroid Download Manager v1.5.10 (Patched) (derrin Mod) Ponydroid is a download manager download manager specially designed to optimize and automate the downloads. Install Ponydroid on your smartphone or tablet and enjoy the comfortable features when it comes to downloading files. It is available in English Spanish Japanese. Italian German French Portuguese Simplified and Tradicional Chinese Russian Polish Romanian and Korean. The application is in charge of everything it accesses the web where the file is hosted it waits the required time and starts downloading them one by one. - Ponydroid optionally blocks the downloads if there is not WIFI conection - manages waiting times - send you notificactions when a file download is completed or if it needs you to enter captchas - works with or without Premium accounts - several options to add links for downloading - integrated browser - CLICK'N LOAD support - .DLC files support - supports for interchangeable links - REMOTE CONTROL of Ponydroid via web browser or Mipony Remote ideal for using it on Android miniPC - shows history of downloaded files - MULTISEGMENT download - automatic download retries and - analyzes the avaibility of the files. - more than 300 file hosters supported including Rapidgator, mega.co.nz, Zippyshare, bannedhost.net, Nitroflare, Mediafire, Depositfiles, Filefactory, Uploading, 4shared, etc. Ponydroid manual: http://www.ponydroid.com/en/manual.php Homepage Download Changelog: Updated Alldebrid, in some devices it was not possible to enter the login PIN Updated wetransfer.com Updated ddownload.com Updated cloud.mail.ru Updated userscloud.com Updated prefiles.com Updated subyshare.com Updated anonfiles.com Updated ge.tt Updated megaup.net Updated hitfile.com Updated uplovd.com Added mundofile.com Site: https://www.upload.ee Sharecode: /files/12309938/Ponydroid1.5.10Patched.apk.html
  12. NetSpeed Indicator: Internet Speed Meter - 3G, 4G, 5G, Wi-Fi v1.6.5 (AdFree Mod Lite) (Mikesew1320 Mod) NetSpeed Indicator is convenient small and simple network tool with useful features that allows you to discover your download and upload speeds check ping analyze and get connected devices on Wi-Fi speed test and many more. Check current Download/Upload speeds directly from your statusbar notification or in app it self. Since Android doesn't show network connection statistics on screen you are not able to see current internet bandwidth used for upload and download. You can track the live network information for any kind of a network (2G 3G 4G 5G Wi-Fi)! Net Speed indicator also contains other functions: 1. Speed test - The most accurate speed test 2. Check Today's and Monthly usage of Data and Wi-Fi usage for both sent and received bytes. 3. App stats - A place to check the app data and WiFi usage over chosen period of a time. 4. Floating widget - Floating bubble (also expandable on tap) showing the current Upload/Download speeds. 5. Wi-Fi Analyzer - Check more info about your and available Wi-Fi hotspots (SSID BSSID Signal strength MAC ID frequency and many more). 6. Ping test - Test PING on any destination(by default is google.com) and get min max and average ping including packet loss. 7. Discover devices - Find all devices connected to your Wi-Fi get info about them. Available in app subscription for ads removal: - Disable ads for 24h - Disable ads for 1 week - Disable ads for 1 month Application is quite new so plenty of features will be there just keep supporting me. App tends to be one of the best of this kind. Our current TO-DO list is pretty long. I'm listening for suggestions by the users and trying to implement them as soon as possible. 90% of suggestions are actually there. Check links below for more. NEW!!! Beta is available with some new features and some fixes get it from a link below https://forum.xda-developers.com/showpost.php?p=81696859&postcount=2 If you have suggestion ideas or anything else including reporting bugs join discussion group on this link: https://t.me/NetSpeedIndicator Thanks for supporting Homepage Download Changelog: - Fixed force close when switching from Speed test - Fixed force closing app - Updated dependencies Site: https://www.upload.ee Sharecode: /files/12300410/NetSpeedIndicator-v1.6.5_MoD_by-Mikesew1320.apk.html
  13. A Trippy Visualization Charts the Internet's Growth Since 1997 In 2003, Barrett Lyon created a map of the internet. In 2021, he did it again—and showed just how quickly it's expanded. Illustration: Barrett Lyon/The Opte Project In November 2003, security researcher Barrett Lyon was finishing college at California State University, Sacramento while working full time as a penetration tester—a hacker companies hire to find weaknesses in their own digital systems. At the beginning of each job, Lyon would do some basic reconnaissance of the customer's infrastructure; “case the joint,” as he puts it. He realized he was essentially refining and repeating a formula to map what the new target network looked like. “That formula ended up being an easy piece of software to write, so I just started having this software do all the work for me,” Lyon says. At lunch with his colleagues one day, Lyon suggested that he could use his network mapper to sketch the entire internet. “They thought that was pretty funny, so they bet me 50 bucks I couldn't do it," he says. So he did. What followed was a vast, celestial jumble of thin, overlapping lines, starbursts, and branches in a static image that depicted the global internet of the early 2000s. Lyon called the piece Opte, and while his betting colleagues were skeptical of the visual rats nests he produced at first, the final product immediately started attracting fans on Slashdot and beyond. Lyon's original Opte Internet Map from 2003. Illustration: Barrett Lyon/The Opte Project Now Opte is back in an entirely new and updated form. The original version used “traceroutes,” diagnostic commands that scout different paths through a network, to visualize the internet in all of its enormous complexity. But traceroutes can be blocked, spoofed, or have other inaccuracies. So in a 2010 exhibit of the original Opte at the Museum of Modern Art in New York, Lyon explored an alternative. Instead of basing the map on traceroutes, Lyon used Border Gateway Protocol routing tables, the subway maps of the internet, to get a more accurate view. Now he's carried that approach into this next generation. The original Opte was a still image, but the 2021 version is a 10K video with extensive companion stills, using BGP data from University of Oregon's Route Views project to map the global internet from 1997 to today. Lyon worked on the visualization for months and relied on a number of applications, tools, and scripts to produce it. One is a software package called Large Graph Layout, originally designed to render images of proteins, that attempts hundreds and hundreds of different visual layouts until it finds the most efficient, representative solution. Think of it as a sort of web of best fit, depicting all of the internet's sprawling, interconnected data routes. The closer to the center a network is, the bigger and more interconnected it is. While the concept—to map and visualize the whole internet—remains the same, animating its evolution and expansion over almost 25 years allows the new version of Opte to be more interactive. The materials are all free for non-commercial use and Lyon hopes the piece will be particularly valuable to educators and engaging for students. Viewers can see details about the different network regions, and Lyon made some diagrams and videos that call out specific points of interest. One shows China's network space, for example, with its two heavily controlled connections in and out. Lyon also highlights much of the United States military's internet presence, including NIPRNET, the Department of Defense's Non-Classified Internet Protocol Network, and SIPRNET, the Secret Internet Protocol Network. Zooming in on China's internet, present day. Illustration: Barrett Lyon/The Opte Project By moving through time, Opte also makes major internet events tangible, like Iran's national 2019 internet shutdown and Myanmar's recent internet blackout in the last few weeks. Lyon says he's still collecting data to give a robust picture of recent events. Opte even shows BGP route leaks, incidents where data meant to flow on a certain path was accidentally or maliciously redirected to travel over other parts of the network. The new project is constructed to be easily updatable so Lyon can revise it as time passes. While Opte is a striking and powerful visualization of the internet's size and impact, Lyon says the piece also ultimately depicts the internet's failure to become truly decentralized and insuppressible in its current form, particularly in countries and geographic regions that have limited points of connectivity to the global internet. “When I look at it, each one of those little squiggles and wiggles is human beings doing something,” Lyon says. “People actually using the network, building the network, literally going across oceans and mountains with fiber optic cables and digging ditches. All of that work is reflected in one snapshot. But some countries are not actually very connected and that enables control.” A Trippy Visualization Charts the Internet's Growth Since 1997
  14. Internet Download Manager (IDM) is a tool to increase download speeds, resume and schedule downloads. Comprehensive error recovery and resume capability will restart broken or interrupted downloads due to lost connections, network problems, computer shutdowns, or unexpected power outages. Simple graphic user interface makes IDM user friendly and easy to use. Internet Download Manager has a smart download logic accelerator that features intelligent dynamic file segmentation and safe multipart downloading technology to accelerate your downloads. Unlike other download managers and accelerators Internet Download Manager segments downloaded files dynamically during download process and reuses available connections without additional connect and login stages to achieve best acceleration performance. What's new in version 6.38 Build 16 (Released: Dec 25, 2020) Added support for new types of video streams Fixed bugs Download just use same download links as in nsanedown and you will get latest version
  15. DesertLoner

    Great news new friends ^_^

    There is a chance I might get my own internet next week. If such a case proves to be true I will have the ability to talk with you more :D. Alas, I must try not to get my hopes up. In one hour I will have a meeting with my book club. We shall talk again. Bye ^_^
  16. LeeSmithG

    Word Press Information

    Hello again. Was looking for some information. I was wondering if there is a such a thing as 'word press editing software', like dreamweaver or expression web. I have expression web 4 and dreamweaver 8 (free). I want to create a sports site with a top frame (logo) and then information in below with links underneath logo. So anyone got some ideas on software? Thanks in advance Lee
  17. hi there :hi: I wonder how to monitor a program so we can get their IP addresses to exclude it on windows hosts file and what's software that we need too...? :think: Thank you :thumbsup:
  18. Hey guys.. i was just about to post a tutorial.. then i realized i can't copy & paste from notepad? the problem is only on nSaneForums? Im using: - IE 11 - Windows 8 i can copy & paste other sites like pastebin. i also enabled copy & paste in Security Options. anyone have any suggestions? ============================ EDIT: - found out why.. IE 11 is not compatible with PHP Boards :( - a work around is to turn off the Rich Text Editor (top left corner switch)
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